Оновлення сертифікації CCNP Routing and Switching

    Всім привіт!
Не так давно оновили трек CCNA, CCIE R & S, а також CCNP Security. Тому можна було очікувати, що незабаром змінять і CCNP R & S.
І ось 28 липня переробили іспити для цієї сертифікації.
Тепер необхідними іспитами для отримання статусу CCNP R & S є:
 Дані іспити можна здати, починаючи з 29.07.2014, а останній день здачі старих іспитів — 29.01.2015.
Так що всім, хто зараз на шляху до CCNP, варто поспішити!
 
Теми іспитів:
 ROUTE Network Principles 10%
     
  1. Identify Cisco Express Forwarding concepts
      
       
    1. FIB
    2.  
    3. Adjacency table

    4.  
  2.  
  3. Explain general network challenges
      
       
    1. Unicast
    2.  
    3. Out-of-order packets

    4.  
    5. Asymmetric routing
    6.  
  4.  
  5. Describe IP operations
      
       
    1. ICMP Unreachable and Redirects
    2.  
    3. IPv4 and IPv6 fragmentation

    4.  
    5. TTL
    6.  
  6.  
  7. Explain TCP operations
      
       
    1. IPv4 and IPv6 (P) MTU
    2.  
    3. MSS

    4.  
    5. Latency
    6.  
    7. Windowing
    8.  
    9. Bandwidth-delay product
    10.  
    11. Global synchronization
    12.  
  8.  
  9. Describe UDP operations
      
       
    1. Starvation
    2.  
    3. Latency

    4.  
  10.  
  11. Recognize proposed changes to the network
      
       
    1. Changes to routing protocol parameters
    2.  
    3. Migrate parts of the network to IPv6

    4.  
    5. Routing protocol migration
    6.  
  12.  

 Layer 2 Technologies 10%
     
  1. Configure and verify PPP
      
       
    1. Authentication (PAP, CHAP)
    2.  
    3. PPPoE (client side only)

    4.  
  2.  
  3. Explain Frame Relay
      
       
    1. Operations
    2.  
    3. Point-to-point

    4.  
    5. Multipoint
    6.  
  4.  

 Layer 3 Technologies 40%
     
  1. Identify, configure, and verify IPv4 addressing and subnetting
      
       
    1. Address types (Unicast, broadcast, multicast, and VLSM)
    2.  
    3. ARP

    4.  
    5. DHCP relay and server
    6.  
    7. DHCP protocol operations

    8.  
  2.  
  3. Identify IPv6 addressing and subnetting
      
       
    1. Unicast
    2.  
    3. EUI-64

    4.  
    5. ND, RS / RA
    6.  
    7. Autoconfig (SLAAC)
    8.  
    9. DHCP relay and server
    10.  
    11. DHCP protocol operations
    12.  
  4.  
  5. Configure and verify static routing
  6.  
  7. Configure and verify default routing
  8.  
  9. Evaluate routing protocol types
      
       
    1. Distance vector
    2.  
    3. Link state

    4.  
    5. Path vector
    6.  
  10.  
  11. Describe administrative distance
  12.  
  13. Troubleshoot passive interfaces
  14.  
  15. Configure and verify VRF lite
  16.  
  17. Configure and verify filtering with any protocol
  18.  
  19. Configure and verify redistribution between any routing protocols or routing sources
  20.  
  21. Configure and verify manual and autosummarization with any routing protocol
  22.  
  23. Configure and verify policy-based routing
  24.  
  25. Identify suboptimal routing
  26.  
  27. Explain ROUTE maps
  28.  
  29. Configure and verify loop prevention mechanisms
      
       
    1. Route tagging and filtering
    2.  
    3. Split-horizon

    4.  
    5. Route poisoning
    6.  
  30.  
  31. Configure and verify RIPv2
  32.  
  33. Describe RIPng
  34.  
  35. Describe EIGRP packet types
  36.  
  37. Configure and verify EIGRP neighbor relationship and authentication
  38.  
  39. Configure and verify EIGRP stubs
  40.  
  41. Configure and verify EIGRP load balancing
      
       
    1. Equal cost
    2.  
    3. Unequal cost

    4.  
  42.  
  43. Describe and optimize EIGRP metrics
  44.  
  45. Configure and verify EIGRP for IPv6
  46.  
  47. Describe OSPF packet types
  48.  
  49. Configure and verify OSPF neighbor relationship and authentication
  50.  
  51. Configure and verify network types, area types, and router types
      
       
    1. Point-to-point, multipoint, broadcast, nonbroadcast
    2.  
    3. LSA types, area type: backbone, normal, transit, stub, NSSA, totally stub

    4.  
    5. Internal router, backbone router, ABR, ASBR
    6.  
    7. Virtual link
    8.  
  52.  
  53. Configure and verify OSPF path preference
  54.  
  55. Configure and verify OSPF operations
  56.  
  57. Configure and verify OSPF for IPv6
  58.  
  59. Describe, configure, and verify BGP peer relationships and authentication
      
       
    1. Peer group
    2.  
    3. Active, passive

    4.  
    5. States and timers
    6.  
  60.  
  61. Configure and verify eBGP (IPv4 and IPv6 address families)
      
       
    1. eBGP
    2.  
    3. 4-byte AS number

    4.  
    5. Private AS
    6.  
  62.  
  63. Explain BGP attributes and best-path selection
  64.  

 VPN Technologies 10%
     
  1. Configure and verify GRE
  2.  
  3. Describe DMVPN (single hub)

  4.  
  5. Describe Easy Virtual Networking (EVN)
  6.  

 Infrastructure Security 10%
     
  1. Describe IOS AAA using local database
  2.  
  3. Describe device security using IOS AAA with TACACS + and RADIUS
      
       
    1. AAA with TACACS + and RADIUS
    2.  
    3. Local privilege authorization fallback

    4.  
  4.  
  5. Configure and verify device access control
      
       
    1. Lines (VTY, AUX, console)
    2.  
    3. Management plane protection

    4.  
    5. Password encryption
    6.  
  6.  
  7. Configure and verify router security features
      
       
    1. IPv4 access control lists (standard, extended, time-based)
    2.  
    3. IPv6 traffic filter

    4.  
    5. Unicast reverse path forwarding
    6.  
  8.  

 Infrastructure Services 10%
     
  1. Configure and verify device management
      
       
    1. Console and VTY
    2.  
    3. Telnet, HTTP, HTTPS, SSH, SCP

    4.  
    5. (T) FTP
    6.  
  2.  
  3. Configure and verify SNMP
      
       
    1. v2
    2.  
    3. v3

    4.  
  4.  
  5. Configure and verify logging
      
       
    1. Local logging, syslog, debugs, conditional debugs
    2.  
    3. Timestamps

    4.  
  6.  
  7. Configure and verify Network Time Protocol (NTP)
      
       
    1. NTP master, client, version 3, version 4
    2.  
    3. NTP authentication

    4.  
  8.  
  9. Configure and verify IPv4 and IPv6 DHCP
      
       
    1. DHCP client, IOS DHCP server, DHCP relay
    2.  
    3. DHCP options (describe)

    4.  
  10.  
  11. Configure and verify IPv4 Network Address Translation (NAT)
      
       
    1. Static NAT, dynamic NAT, PAT
    2.  
  12.  
  13. Describe IPv6 NAT
      
       
    1. NAT64
    2.  
    3. NPTv6

    4.  
  14.  
  15. Describe SLA architecture
  16.  
  17. Configure and verify IP SLA
      
       
    1. ICMP
    2.  
  18.  
  19. Configure and verify tracking objects
      
       
    1. Tracking objects
    2.  
    3. Tracking different entities (for example, interfaces, IPSLA results)

    4.  
  20.  
  21. Configure and verify Cisco NetFlow
      
       
    1. NetFlow v5, v9
    2.  
    3. Local retrieval

    4.  
    5. Export (configuration only)
    6.  
  22.  

 Автор не знає, куди загубилися відсутні 10%.
 
 SWITCH Layer 2 Technologies 65%
     
  1. Configure and verify switch administration
      
       
    1. SDM templates
    2.  
    3. Managing MAC address table

    4.  
    5. Troubleshoot Err-disable recovery
    6.  
  2.  
  3. Configure and verify Layer 2 protocols
      
       
    1. CDP, LLDP
    2.  
    3. UDLD

    4.  
  4.  
  5. Configure and verify VLANs
      
       
    1. Access ports
    2.  
    3. VLAN database

    4.  
    5. Normal, extended VLAN, voice VLAN
    6.  
  6.  
  7. Configure and verify trunking
      
       
    1. VTPv1, VTPv2, VTPv3, VTP pruning
    2.  
    3. dot1Q

    4.  
    5. Native VLAN
    6.  
    7. Manual pruning
    8.  
  8.  
  9. Configure and verify EtherChannels
      
       
    1. LACP, PAgP, manual
    2.  
    3. Layer 2, Layer 3

    4.  
    5. Load balancing
    6.  
    7. EtherChannel misconfiguration guard
    8.  
  10.  
  11. Configure and verify spanning tree
      
       
    1. PVST +, RPVST +, MST
    2.  
    3. Switch priority, port priority, path cost, STP timers

    4.  
    5. PortFast, BPDUguard, BPDUfilter
    6.  
    7. Loopguard and Rootguard
    8.  
  12.  
  13. Configure and verify other LAN switching technologies
      
       
    1. PAN, RSPAN
    2.  
  14.  
  15. Describe chassis virtualization and aggregation technologies
      
       
    1. Stackwise
    2.  
  16.  

 Infrastructure Security 20%
     
  1. Configure and verify switch security features
      
       
    1. DHCP snooping
    2.  
    3. IP Source Guard

    4.  
    5. Dynamic ARP inspection
    6.  
    7. Port security

    8.  
    9. Private VLAN
    10.  
    11. Storm control
    12.  
  2.  
  3. Describe device security using Cisco IOS AAA with TACACS + and RADIUS
      
       
    1. AAA with TACACS + and RADIUS
    2.  
    3. Local privilege authorization fallback

    4.  
  4.  

 Infrastructure Services 15%
     
  1. Configure and verify first-hop redundancy protocols
      
       
    1. HSRP
    2.  
    3. VRRP

    4.  
    5. GLBP
    6.  
  2.  

 
 TSHOOT Network Principles 5%
     
  1. Use Cisco IOS troubleshooting tools
      
       
    1. Debug, conditional debug
    2.  
    3. Ping and trace route with extended options

    4.  
  2.  
  3. Apply troubleshooting methodologies
      
       
    1. Diagnose the root cause of networking issues (analyze symptoms, identify and describe root cause)
    2.  
    3. Design and implement valid solutions

    4.  
    5. Verify and monitor resolution
    6.  
  4.  

 Layer 2 Technologies 40%
     
  1. Troubleshoot switch administration
      
       
    1. SDM templates
    2.  
    3. Managing MAC address table

    4.  
    5. Troubleshoot Err-disable recovery
    6.  
  2.  
  3. Troubleshoot Layer 2 protocols
      
       
    1. CDP, LLDP
    2.  
    3. UDLD

    4.  
  4.  
  5. Troubleshoot VLANs
      
       
    1. Access ports
    2.  
    3. VLAN database

    4.  
    5. Normal, extended VLAN, voice VLAN
    6.  
  6.  
  7. Troubleshoot trunking
      
       
    1. VTPv1, VTPv2, VTPv3, VTP pruning
    2.  
    3. dot1Q

    4.  
    5. Native VLAN
    6.  
    7. Manual pruning
    8.  
  8.  
  9. Troubleshoot EtherChannels
      
       
    1. LACP, PAgP, manual
    2.  
    3. Layer 2, Layer 3

    4.  
    5. Load balancing
    6.  
    7. EtherChannel misconfiguration guard
    8.  
  10.  
  11. Troubleshoot spanning tree
      
       
    1. PVST +, RPVST +, MST
    2.  
    3. Switch priority, port priority, path cost, STP timers

    4.  
    5. PortFast, BPDUguard, BPDUfilter
    6.  
    7. Loopguard, Rootguard
    8.  
  12.  
  13. Troubleshoot other LAN switching technologies
      
       
    1. SPAN, RSPAN
    2.  
  14.  
  15. Troubleshoot chassis virtualization and aggregation technologies
      
       
    1. Stackwise
    2.  
  16.  

 Layer 3 Technologies 40%
     
  1. Troubleshoot IPv4 addressing and subnetting
      
       
    1. Address types (Unicast, broadcast, multicast, and VLSM)
    2.  
    3. ARP

    4.  
    5. DHCP relay and server
    6.  
    7. DHCP protocol operations

    8.  
  2.  
  3. Troubleshoot IPv6 addressing and subnetting
      
       
    1. Unicast
    2.  
    3. EUI-64

    4.  
    5. ND, RS / RA
    6.  
    7. Autoconfig (SLAAC)
    8.  
    9. DHCP relay and server
    10.  
    11. DHCP protocol operations
    12.  
  4.  
  5. Troubleshoot static routing
  6.  
  7. Troubleshoot default routing
  8.  
  9. Troubleshoot administrative distance
  10.  
  11. Troubleshoot passive interfaces
  12.  
  13. Troubleshoot VRF lite
  14.  
  15. Troubleshoot filtering with any protocol
  16.  
  17. Troubleshoot between any routing protocols or routing sources
  18.  
  19. Troubleshoot manual and autosummarization with any routing protocol
  20.  
  21. Troubleshoot policy-based routing
  22.  
  23. Troubleshoot suboptimal routing
  24.  
  25. Troubleshoot loop prevention mechanisms
      
       
    1. Route tagging, filtering
    2.  
    3. Split-horizon

    4.  
    5. Route poisoning
    6.  
  26.  
  27. Troubleshoot RIPv2
  28.  
  29. Troubleshoot EIGRP neighbor relationship and authentication
  30.  
  31. Troubleshoot loop free path selection
      
       
    1. RD, FD, FC, successor, feasible successor
    2.  
  32.  
  33. Troubleshoot EIGPR operations
      
       
    1. Stuck in active
    2.  
  34.  
  35. Troubleshoot EIGRP stubs
  36.  
  37. Troubleshoot EIGRP load balancing
      
       
    1. Equal cost
    2.  
    3. Unequal cost

    4.  
  38.  
  39. Troubleshoot EIGRP metrics
  40.  
  41. Troubleshoot EIGRP for IPv6
  42.  
  43. Troubleshoot OSPF neighbor relationship and authentication
  44.  
  45. Troubleshoot network types, area types, and router types
      
       
    1. Point-to-point, multipoint, broadcast, nonbroadcast
    2.  
    3. LSA types, area type: backbone, normal, transit, stub, NSSA, totally stub

    4.  
    5. Internal router, backbone router, ABR, ASBR
    6.  
    7. Virtual link
    8.  
  46.  
  47. Troubleshoot OSPF path preference
  48.  
  49. Troubleshoot OSPF operations
  50.  
  51. Troubleshoot OSPF for IPv6
  52.  
  53. Troubleshoot BGP peer relationships and authentication
      
       
    1. Peer group
    2.  
    3. Active, passive

    4.  
    5. States and timers
    6.  
  54.  
  55. Troubleshoot eBGP
      
       
    1. eBGP
    2.  
    3. 4-byte AS number

    4.  
    5. Private AS
    6.  
  56.  

 VPN Technologies 5%
     
  1. Troubleshoot GRE
  2.  

 Infrastructure Security 5%
     
  1. Troubleshoot IOS AAA using local database
  2.  
  3. Troubleshoot device access control
      
       
    1. Lines (VTY, AUX, console)
    2.  
    3. Management plane protection

    4.  
    5. Password encryption

    6.  
  4.  
  5. Troubleshoot router security features
      
       
    1. IPv4 access control lists (standard, extended, time-based)
    2.  
    3. IPv6 traffic filter

    4.  
    5. Unicast reverse path forwarding
    6.  
  6.  

 Infrastructure Services 5%
     
  1. Troubleshoot device management
      
       
    1. Console and VTY
    2.  
    3. Telnet, HTTP, HTTPS, SSH, SCP

    4.  
    5. (T) FTP
    6.  
  2.  
  3. Troubleshoot SNMP
      
       
    1. v2
    2.  
    3. v3

    4.  
  4.  
  5. Troubleshoot logging
      
       
    1. Local logging, syslog, debugs, conditional debugs
    2.  
    3. Timestamps

    4.  
  6.  
  7. Troubleshoot Network Time Protocol (NTP)
      
       
    1. NTP master, client, version 3, version 4
    2.  
    3. NTP authentication

    4.  
  8.  
  9. Troubleshoot IPv4 and IPv6 DHCP
      
       
    1. DHCP client, IOS DHCP server, DHCP relay
    2.  
    3. DHCP options (describe)

    4.  
  10.  
  11. Troubleshoot IPv4 Network Address Translation (NAT)
      
       
    1. Static NAT, Dynamic NAT, PAT
    2.  
  12.  
  13. Troubleshoot SLA architecture
  14.  
  15. Troubleshoot tracking objects
  16.  

 
Особливості ROUTE v2.0 :
 
     
  • Так і не прибрали Frame Relay, який пропав у CCNA і CCIE
  •  
  • Перенесли частина тим з TSHOOT в ROUTE (SNMP, NetFlow, NTP та ін)
  •  
  • Додали SNMP v3
  •  
  • Ще більше ipv6, в тому числі BGP ipv6 address-family і NAT64
  •  
  • Додали VRF lite
  •  
  • Додали DMVPN, EVN
  •  
Особливості SWITCH v2.0 :
 
     
  • Додали VTP v3
  •  
  • Додали CDP, LLDP
  •  
  • Додали PAN, RSPAN
  •  
Особливості TSHOOT v2.0 :
 
     
  • Тепер відповідає новим темам ROUTE і SWITCH
  •  
Змін не так вже й багато. Як на мене, то дуже шкода, що не позбулися Frame Relay.
Все ж особисто я планую поспішити і здати старі SWITCH і TSHOOT.
 
Всім удачі!
P.S. Нещодавно вийшла версія GNS3 1.0 beta з підтримкою світчингу в IOU, так що тепер до цих іспитів готуватися набагато простіше, якщо немає лаби з реальним обладнанням. Якщо є така необхідність, то можу написати пост, як прикрутити IOU до нового GNS3.
    
Джерело: Хабрахабр

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